Apenheul Primate Park

Apenheul Primate Park is a zoo in Apeldoorn, Netherlands. It specializes in apes and monkeys. It opened in 1971 and was the first zoo in the world where monkeys could walk around freely in the forest and between the visitors. It started with just a few species, now it displays more than 35 different primates, among them bonobo, gorilla and orangutan.

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Apenheul Primate Park was conceptualised by photographer Wim Mager in the 1960s, when it was legal for private citizens to own monkeys. Mager, who himself had several monkeys as pets, believed both humans and primates would benefit from housing the animals in a more natural forest-like environment. He created the apen-heul (from apen meaning monkeys, and heul, an old Dutch word for a safe haven).

Apenheul Primate Park opened in 1971 as a small but revolutionary park housing wool-monkeys and other species. It is located in the nature park of Berg en Bos (Mountain and Wood) and proved popular with visitors and primatologists alike, leading to subsequent expansions. In 1976, gorillas were introduced to Apenheul Primate Park, with the first gorilla baby being born three years later. This was only the second healthy baby that had born in captivity in the Netherlands and the third in the entire world. The baby was raised by its own mother, which remains a rare event.

Apenheul is home to about 70 species of animals, 35 of which are primates. The park houses lemurs from Madagascar, monkeys from Central and South America, and monkeys and apes from Asia and Africa.

mammals
Alaotra (Hapalemur alaotrensis)
Barbary macaque (Macaca sylvanus)
Black-capped squirrel monkey (Saimiri boliviensis)
Black-headed spider monkey (Ateles fusciceps rufiventris)
Blue-eyed black lemur (Eulemur flavifrons)
Bonobo (Pan paniscus)
Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
Collared mangabey (Cercocebus torquatus)
Colombian white-faced capuchin (Cebus capucinus)
East Javan langur (Trachypithecus auratus)
Golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia)
Hanuman langur (Semnopithecus entellus)
Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus)
Ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta)
Venezuelan red howler (Alouatta seniculus)
Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)
White-faced saki (Pithecia pithecia)

birds
Northern bald ibis (Geronticus eremita)