The Berlin Zoological Garden (German: Zoologischer Garten Berlin) is the oldest and best-known zoo in Germany. Opened in 1844, it covers 35 hectares and is located in Berlin’s Tiergarten. With about 1,40 different species and over 20,000 animals, the zoo presents one of the most comprehensive collections of species in the world.
The zoo collaborates with many universities, research institutes, and other zoos around the world. It maintains and promotes European breeding programmes, helps safeguard several endangered species, and participates in several species reintroduction programs.
Opened on 1 August 1844, the Zoologischer Garten Berlin was the first zoo in Germany. The aquarium opened in 1913. The first animals were donated by Frederick William IV, King of Prussia, from the menagerie and pheasantry of the Tiergarten. The nearby U-Bahn station was opened the same year.
The Berlin Zoo is the most visited zoo in Europe, with more than 3.3 million visitors per year from all over the world. It is open all year long and can easily be reached by public transportation. The Berlin Zoologischer Garten railway station (also simply known as Zoo) is one of Berlin’s most important stations.
The zoo houses four types of great ape: orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobos.
The carnivore house displays all big cats and many rare small predators, such as ring-tailed mongooses and narrow-striped mongooses from Madagascar. In the basement, visitors are invited to a view into the world of nocturnal animals.
The bird house presents a walk-through aviary and offers a broad variety of forms, including several regularly breeding species of hornbills and many parrots. Numerous big aviaries show waders, herons and many other species. The Berlin Zoo is one of the few zoos to exhibit tuatara (in the aquarium) and Luzon tarictic hornbills.
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Bison (Bison bison)
Black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis)
California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) [portrait position]
East African oryx (Oryx beisa)
Giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)
Grévy zebra (Equus grevyi)
Hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas)
Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis)
Okapi (Okapia johnstoni)
Pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis)
Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus)
Siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus)
Water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)
Western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla)